tv BBC World News America PBS October 14, 2011 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT
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>> this is "bbc world news america" reporting from washington. should the rest of the world bailout europe? finance ministers from the richest countries meet to tackle the financial problems. fighting erupts again on the streets of the libyan capital. revolutionary forces opened fire on forces loyal to colonel gaddafi. >> we will walk non violently and peacefully. >> the dream of racial a polity forever changed america. now martin luther king's presidency is given it -- legacy is given it a permanent memorial in washington. welcome to our viewers on pbs
and america and around the globe. what happens in europe does not state in europe. meeting in paris today, ministers from the emerging economies seem to agree. israel, brazil, and china says that the international community should do more to help out europe. the u.s. rejected the idea but this is a reminder of just how much europe's problems are hurting other countries. >> yet another new breast implants to talk about. a writing -- yet another new european rescue plan to talk about. the new imf fund is under discussion. europe has 10 days until its summit will bring these ideas together. >> the issue is to to provide
resources. is the european financial stability fund large enough? can this be leveraged? can the government put their own money into the banks or to what extent are the mark is prepared to look at this up -- to look at this? >> the cost of giving up on the wayward periphery is just too great. >> you have to support the euro because this is in your own interest. there would be dramatic social and economic consequences. when this because systemic, you are part of it. -- becomes systemic, your part of it. >> this has changed the game. one of france's's biggest worry is it that they could lose their coveted triple a rating.
this is persuading some states that it might be worth spending more to underwrite some of the most exposed lenders. the final bill looks like it could be a mixture of new bank support and the rescue fund bulked up by european central bank and the imf. the future health of the world economy depends on it working. >> as the heads of finance meet in france, in new york, hundreds of protesters are celebrating the decision to postpone cleanout the park they have been occupying for the last month. with protests on both sides of the atlantic, what can financial leaders do? i am joined by see special economics editor at reuters. let's look at how much the crisis in europe is actually impacting other economies at the moment. >> when you look at the total gdp output, the eurozone is the
second-largest economic block in the world. if that goes into recession, this has an off on a fact for the u.s., and for china. there is no question that the decline in gdp output would affect the rest of the world. there is another knock on effect where financial markets are uncertain and take it uncertain how the banks will survive. that causes the stock markets to decline, causes households to stop spending. >> which is the concern for america. you had the americans today quashing this idea. other countries have a vested interest, we should help the bailout. why did they do that? >> this is day -- this is an effort for them to get europe to
do this. this was another way of piling the pressure on and to come up with a resolution. the international monetary fund's biggest voter is the united states. they have more voting shares. they can control decisions out of the imf. if you change the way in which you put together the voting power of the international monetary fund which is essentially what would have to happen in order to increase their firepower to go help europe, the u.s. would have less voting power. they don't want that to happen. all europe can do is bail out on their own. >> looking at what is happening in france this weekend, the amount of disagreement between various members of the g-20 reminds me of the aftermath of the crash when everyone said that we have to act together. this is a global crisis and make
common cause. this is not seem to be there now. >> you are right. this is now a sovereign debt crisis. the national problems are the ones they are having to deal with. a huge domestic political issues are around that. this shows the extent to which this is causing domestic problems that is causing social unrest. budget cuts have to be taken. last time, they could do most of the dirty work. this time, because it has become a fiscal problem, you have to take a harsh cutbacks at home, it has become a national problem. >> and other news, the united states is helping in the battle against the lord's resistance army and uganda -- in uganda.
there has been fresh fighting in the libyan capital would suggest that the battle might not be over after all. forces of the national transitional council. heavy machine-gun fire could be heard in a center of support for colonel gaddafi. there has been an escalation in the city of sirte. >> this is almost scorched earth policy, unable to defeat or force pro gaddafi loyalists to surrender, soldiers are systematically destroying the city block by block. seemingly bereft of subtle military tactics and certainly disorganized, attacking forces to put sirte into submission.
hundreds of tanks and mortars are firing in the direction of the enemy. they're making little progress. for the last couple of days, what might be only a handful of pro good of the fighters are keeping everyone in the down in the central area. -- what might be only a handful of pro gaddafi fighters. there is no one can declare the battle finished. imagine being a civilian caught up in all of this. this is a family from ghana. george is a technician, his wife and children were in the thick of it. >> it is so horrible. they can feel the shock. >> then, this afternoon, chaos
on the front line. ambulances scaling back along the main streets. at least 20 transitional government fighters hit in a mortar attack. probably victims of their own sides brad pitt firing. to the battle for this city is not over yet. -- probably victims of their own sides rampant firing. >> we cross over to tripoli. what is happening in tripoli? we were told that the fighting was done. >> many people here in tripoli thought that. what happened this afternoon is that 30 heavily armed pro gaddafi's supporters appeared. this was the last district of tripoli to fall when the rebels, the ntc fighters entered. they were on the street.
they were firing wildly. they were chanting pro gaddafi's slogans. ntc has a very large amount of armored pickup trucks. we have seen them moving around libya since february. there is a major gun battle. what we believe, 10 men were injured. they have been taken to hospital. we don't know if they were pro or anti gaddafi. people are being very cautious. of course, this is not bode well for the ntc. in sirte, it shows that libya is not clear of pro gaddafi's supporters. >> thank you very much. from libya to syria, the u.n. says more than 3000 people have died since the unrest began seven months ago.
they are calling on the international community to act before it turns into a full- blown civil war. activists reported the deaths of six more protesters following friday prayers. what can or will be done to stop the bloodshed? i am joined by a former u.s. day depart -- u.s. state department official. 3000 dead and this has been going on for seven months. where are we in the ark of these protests? >> well, we have seen a steady state in which there is continued protests, primarily on fridays, but throughout the week. we have seen continued repression and efforts to put them out. as long as this is left unattended, this is the new normal. >> you have worked at the state department before and we saw what america did in leading the charge. that will not happen in syria.
barring international intervention, what more can the international community do? >> in the libyan case, there was a regional outcry. in libya, the arab league came together and called for there to be international action. we will see the gulf cooperation countries have called for them to meet. it is important for them to do so. there needs to be more international pressure and attention drawn to this. we were unable to get a security council resolution passed in the united nation, there was not a lot that could be done. >> one of the cheese is to isolate president assad. why hasn't that happened? why haven't we had more businessmen, more members of the
security forces turn against the leadership? >> what the international community is doing is putting very strong sanctions on the country trying to squeeze syria with the hope that at a certain point and that pressure will build. my concern is that as we saw in iraq, regimes like this can withstand pressure for a great deal of time and the wrong people get hurt by this kind of pressure. that is why i have pushed for targeted sanctions that name those members of the regime and try to drive a wedge between president assad and his base. drive a wedge to those that are still loyal to him. this might work over the long term but how many people will die in the short term? >> thank you very much for coming.
you are watching "bbc world news america," still to come -- shining a spotlight on gertrude stein. in thailand, frantic efforts continue to try to protect the bangkok from the worst floods in decades. as floodwaters fall down, estuary tides are rise from the sea. almost 300 people have died since july. >> 80 diggers or marooned in an ocean of mud water. -- two diggers are ruined in an ocean of mud water. cautiously, they wave their way through the day louche -- they weighed - -wade their wway th
rough the deluge. people are doing whatever they can to help the animals. this is seeping through. if i climb up here, that is about a meter and a half, 5 feet high. on the other side, you can see that the water has risen to the top of the embankment. to the north of bangkok, the mighty river has already burst its banks. it runs from here right through the capitol and into the sea. closer to the city, desperate efforts are under way to hold back the flood waters and to shore up the last line of defense. protecting bangkok means that there is water accumulating around the city and that is causing some resentment. this man is deliberately
dismantling a flood barrier. next to him, a woman calls out to me. we are short of food, he says. we have not had any help. these are the worst floods that thailand has seen in half a century and it is not over yet. >> i have a dream, the words of martin luther king, forever etched in the american consciousness and now in stone at a monument in his name. president obama will unveil feet king memorial. this will be the first such memorial to someone who was not a government official. -- president obama will unveil the martin luther king memorial. >> we will get there. we will get to the promised land. >> the change a nation but now
he becomes the first african- american to take his place among the hallowed morals of the washington mall. >> for the first time, this great land that we call the mall is now diversified looking like the country. we have a person of color gracing the mall. >> we are going to walk non violently and peacefully. >> preaching non-violent protests, the charismatic baptist minister gave form to the civil rights struggle. this 30 foot slab of granite has been surprisingly controversial. there are some people who say it looks too severe, even totalitarian. some say that it should be reserved for former presidents. what makes it all the more a motive is that the history it evokes is locked in the memory.
>> in 1963, king delivered his celebrated "i have a dream" speech. five weeks later, he was dead. the assassination caused waves of rights. through the violence, one of the few businesses that remain open bowl.n's chli king himself came here as did a who's who of black leaders to the decades. >> we have come a long way. the kind of equality that we dreamed of, i am not sure that we are there yet. this affects all people. there is a lot more to be done. >> this is smarter, richer, wider. gentrification has pushed some african-americans out into the average wealth of white
households is 20 times that of black households. the dream of an equal post racial america is a work in progress. >> among those who fought alongside dr. king for racial equality was john lewis. he was arrested more than 40 times. today, he is the sole surviving speaker from that march in washington where king delivered his famous speech. he has served as an american congressman. i spoke to him from capitol hill about the significance of this memorial. >> of someone would have told me 40 years ago, when i stood on the steps of the lincoln memorial that there would be a memorial to martin luther king jr., i would have said, you are crazy. are you dreaming?
this is done real, this is unbelievable that a memorial to martin luther king jewelry -- this is unreal, this is unbelievable that a memorial to martin luther king jr. would be here. he was never elected to any public office. progress is made in america as a people. >> might ask how difficult it was back then? you were arrested some 40 times. you were beaten. you suffered as so many did. it has become defacto that we have made progress but it was such a tough time for all of you that struggled. >> we must never forget that it was not easy. it was a struggle. a struggle just for black
people and white people in america to come together, to be able to eat together, sit at a lunch counter together, to sit and eat in a restaurant. to be sitting together on a bus or a train or to go to school together. to be able to register to vote. >> you have a black man and the white house, you have the first black president. as you just heard in our report, there are so many problems still. there is so much inequality. >> in spite of all of the changes and all of the progress that was made, we still have problems. people ask me over and over again whether the election of barack obama as president is the fulfillment of dr. martin luther king jr.'s dream. i have said, this is only a down payment. we still have miles to travel before we create what dr. king
called the beloved community in america where we can forget about race and color and see people as people and lay down the burden of help. >> congressman john lewis, thank you for joining us. >> thank you very much. >> now two another american that left an impression. a self-styled genius, the words described gertrude stein. her home became a who's who of leading artists and writers. now a new exhibition has opened and the national portrait gallery in washington. my colleague when to have a look. >> many people today know gertrude stein best from the movie, "did that in paris -- midnight in paris." kathy bates for trade stein as
she was in the 1920's. >> dripping with sexual innuendo. >> the popular interest is fortunate coincidence for the national portrait gallery. >> she was a short woman. >> this new exhibition exposes her later life as an established writer and her influence on writers today. >> hurt reputation as an experimental with language. -- her reputation as experimented with language that has never lost its allure for those in literature and to some degree, for those in art. >> as her fame increase, artists begged her to sit with them in the hopes that the association would boost their own
popularity. her portraits became almost an art form in themselves. gertrude stein thought it was more important that patients should capture her essence rather than her looks. that is why this portrait shows 8 teacup representing the gatherings she held for artists. this is surrounded by golden rays of poking her granddaughter -- by goulding race -- by golden rays evoking her granduer. this sculpture combines the recordings of her writings with telephone wires and speakers to bring new technology to her work. this is one of the contemporary pieces on a separate exhibition
on gertrude stein. >> the amount of books that were published and are still being published on her is amazing. this is over 100 years and people are still looking at her, they want to illustrate it, they want to interpret it and keep it alive. >> there are many reasons for her popularity, her ability to mix disciplines, push boundaries, and break new ground clearly appealed to the current generation of artists equally unfettered by rules. >> that brings us to the end of today's broadcast but remember you can find updates on our website. thank you for watching.
>> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. union bank. and shell. >> this is kim - about to feel one of his favorite sensations. at shell, we're developing more efficient fuels in countries like malaysia that can help us get the most from our energy resources. let's use energy more efficiently. let's go.